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Acne and Blemishes

Woman checking her acne and blemishes

Clear skin doesn’t just happen. While cleansing twice a day helps, your skin often needs multiple modalities to treat the underlying problem. Whether it's caused by hormones, bacteria, excessive oil production or dead skin cells don’t worry we’ve got you covered.

Congestion/Large Pores/Ingrown Hairs

Acne is a skin condition that consists of comedones, papules, pustules, and cysts. Acne most commonly develops on areas of the body that contain a lot of sebaceous glands (oil) glands like the face, neck, chest, back and shoulders. Acne usually begins (and is most common) in puberty, but many adults also develop the condition.

Blockage of hair follicles - Acne and Blemishes Calgary

1. Blockage of hair follicles (pores), where sebum (oil) is produced, by dead skin cells

Overproduction of sebum - Acne and Blemishes Calgary

2. Overproduction of sebum by the sebaceous glands

Proliferation of P.acnes bacteria - Acne and Blemishes Calgary

3. Proliferation of P. acnes bacteria and consequent inflammation

Types of Acne

Non-inflammatory acne

Blackheads and whiteheads (aka open and closed comedones) occur when a plug made up of sebum and dead skin cells can be seen inside a follicle (pore), but does not cause any inflammation or redness.

Blackheads: If the plug enlarges and stretches the pore, it is referred to as a blackhead. Blackheads aren’t trapped dirt. Rather, the dark colour is a build-up of melanin and oxidized oil.

Whiteheads: When a thin cover of skin traps the plug, it prevents the oil from oxidizing. This keeps it white and creates a whitehead.

Non-inflammatory Acne - Acne and Blemishes Calgary

Inflammatory acne

When follicles are blocked by sebum and skin cells, the follicular wall is under pressure. If the pressure is great enough, then the follicle wall will break and the contents will spread into the surrounding skin.

When your immune system responds to this bacteria and sebum, inflammatory acne occurs. The degree of inflammation determines the size and redness of an acne lesion.

Papules: Pink or red bumps without a white or yellow centre. Pustules: Red bumps with a white or yellow centre of pus. Pustules are formed when the plug inside a pore traps oil and bacteria, which draws white blood cells to the area to fight infection. Pus is made up of dead white blood cells.

Cysts and nodules: Larger (and often painful) acne lesions that extend into the deeper skin layers. Cysts and nodules can last for months, destroy the follicle and lead to permanent scars. Individuals with this type of acne should see a dermatologist for treatment.

Non-inflammatory Acne - Acne and Blemishes Calgary

Acne Is Caused By Three Major Factors:

1. Blockage of hair follicles (pores), where sebum (oil) is produced, by dead skin cells

2. Overproduction of sebum

3. Proliferation of P. acnes bacteria and consequent inflammation

Treatment Options

Writing prescription medication

Prescription Medication

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Woman having chemical peels treatment done

Chemical Peels

Chemical Peels are a treatment in which a licensed professional applies an acid solution to the skin to deeply exfoliate and remove the damaged layers of the epidermis.

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Woman having microneedling done

Microneedling

One of our favourite treatments, microneedling can help with a long list of skin conditions including helping minimize fine lines, wrinkles, acne scars and effectively helps skins firmness and texture.

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Ultrasonic Facial

Ultrasonic Facial

This ultrasonic medical facial or Dermasound TM is a three in one advanced facial that offers exfoliation, better product penetration and cellular repair through low frequency ultrasonic waves and Microcurrent.

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